Document Type

Working Paper

Publication Title

Beyond Standard Model: Axial Electric Potentials Of Quarks And Neutrinos


The equations of axial electric potentials are presented for our models of quarks and neutrinos as spinning composite structures where up to 3 basic elementary charges are on the axis or rotation and the other N charges are revolving about the axis. The axial potential functions at given point on the axis of rotation were calculated as the sum of electric potentials at that point from all the charges in the structure. We applied these general equations specifically to the models of two types of neutral particles (neutrinos), one with 2 like charges on the axis and the other with 3 like charges on the axis. It is shown that the axial electric potential of the composite particles of zero total charge (neutrinos) is not zero at the small distances from the particles. As a result, a neutrino can experience an attractive or a repulsive force if it comes close to a charged or neutral particle.

First Page


Last Page


Publication Date

Winter 2-6-2024


Physics Department



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