The following papers represent the research activities of the Rosenberg Institute's Research Fellow Program which contributes unique scholarship in the field of Asian Studies.
Public Medicine in Wartime China: Biomedicine, State Medicine, and the Rise of China’s National Medical Colleges, 1931-1945
John R. Watt Ph.D.
Public Medicine in Wartime China is the first in a series of Occasional Papers issued by the Rosenberg Institute. It is based on a longer study of the subject by Dr. John R. Watt and follows a presentation he made at Suffolk University in April 2010, co-sponsored by the Taiwan Economic and Cultural Office in Boston. Dr. Watt’s paper was published in February 2012.
Strategic competition between the United States and China had been deteriorating much earlier than the Covid-19 outbreak in 2020.1 However, in the past, despite intense political rivalry and geostrategic competition, policy communities and societies in the two countries have maintained active and robust engagement and dialogues. Much of the dialogues focused on complaints against each other’s behavior and intentions. Nonetheless, such dialogues kept information and concerns flowing between the rival powers. Concerned third-party actors often play stabilizing roles by communicating potential fragilities between Washington and Beijing. In short, pre-Covid-19, strategic rivalry between China and the U.S. was intense, but it was moderated by policy actors and societal openness. Covid-19 has severely challenged the geopolitical environment surrounding China and the United States. Both countries experienced the worst public health and economic crisis in a long time. However, termination in international travels and policy exchanges between China and the U.S. have further intensified the bilateral rivalry and made global cooperation hopelessly difficult to attain, at a time when such cooperation was most needed. In the United States, moderate groups whose work depends on bilateral travel and exchange have been marginalized, and common narratives on China are taken over by more extreme views. On the one extreme, the views emphasize China’s triumphalism — seeking to lead globalization toward Chinese interest and values. On the other extreme, the views stress China’s potential implosion — the Communist rule on the verge of internal explosion due to social-economic challenges from the pandemic. In the context of extreme views, real voices and the actions of China’s policy communities during its Covid-19 cycle have been understudied and discounted, with damaging effects on the U.S. response to the virus, to economic recession, and, ultimately, to future trends in globalization.